Writing Task 2: How to Write a Good Conclusion [Writing Tips]

May 8, 2019 by Andrea Castro

If you’ve written essays in the past, then you probably already know that a conclusion is essential for providing closure to your writing; the IELTS Writing Task 2 is no exception. But what many people don’t realize is that a conclusion is more than simply a summary of what has already been said: an effective conclusion helps to remind your reader(s) of the strength of your main arguments and provides you with an opportunity to make a positive final impression.

Strategies for writing a good conclusion

When writing a conclusion for your Writing Task 2 essay, there are many things that you can do (or should avoid) to make your conclusion more relevant and effective, so let’s take a look at some useful strategies:

Return to the theme in the introduction.
Referring to the introductory paragraph in your conclusion is a good way to make your essay more cohesive and complete. Think about it as bringing your reader to a full circle. To achieve this, use keywords or concepts mentioned in the introduction.

Include a brief summary of the essay’s main points.
It’s important that you summarize your main arguments in your conclusion. But instead of simply repeating things, make sure you show the examiner how the points you made and the examples you used fit together.

Vary your language.
When restating your main points in your conclusion, don’t forget to vary your language, in other words, try not to repeat the same words again and again. Paraphrasing will help you to show the examiner a wider range of vocabulary.

Give your opinion.
If you haven’t already given your opinion by the time you get to your conclusion, make sure you include it in your closing paragraph.

Do NOT introduce a new idea.
Remember that your conclusion is where you wrap up your main points, not where you introduce new ones. If a new idea tries to sneak into your closing paragraph, either let it have its own paragraph in the body of your essay, or leave it out completely.

Smiling woman writing on paper at a deskSample conclusion

To better illustrate the points stated above, take a couple of minutes to read the prompt and introduction below from our previous post on how to write a good introduction. Once you know exactly what the candidates are being asked to discuss and what the position in the introduction is, go ahead and read the sample conclusion and notice the different strategies used.


The first car appeared on British roads in 1888. By the year 2020 there may be as many as 29 million vehicles on British roads.

Alternative forms of transport should be encouraged and international laws introduced to control car ownership and use.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Sample introduction:

It is evident that there has been a massive growth in car ownership in Great Britain since the first car arrived on British roads in the year 1888. Some people believe that encouraging other forms of transport and introducing international regulations are necessary to keep future growth in car ownership under control. I completely agree with the mentioned argument, as new rules and regulations would ensure order in our communities and a better quality of life for all.

Sample conclusion:

There’s no denying that the excessive number of vehicles on our roads these days poses a great risk to people’s health and wellbeing. To tackle this issue, governments should encourage the use of public transportation and ridesharing services such as Uber. They should also establish new laws like limiting the number of new car licenses granted each year and restricting traffic access into urban areas for certain vehicles. While these measures might not eliminate all issues related to the increasing number of cars in use, they would certainly help to ease road congestion and prevent even greater challenges in the future.

Even though the body of the essay hasn’t been included in this post, we can tell what the essay’s main points are just by looking at the closing paragraph: encouraging the use of public transportation and ridesharing services, limiting the number of new car licenses granted each year, and restricting traffic access into urban areas for certain vehicles. By including a brief summary of the essay’s main ideas, the writer emphasizes the importance of their main arguments, while pulling them all together into a cohesive end to the essay.

Andrea is an experienced English teacher who has worked since 2009 in Costa Rica, Dubai and now Canada. When not working for IELTS, she spends her time with her little girl and her two canine siblings.

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